Cancer is a common disease with a devastating impact on the physical and psychological well being of patients. The diagnosis of cancer brings upon many clinical challenges and questions for which clear and simple answers are not always provided by modern medicine. To date, only limited therapeutic options are available for patients with advanced cancer. The recent shift toward targeted therapies has improved substantially patient's survival, however, relapses are frequent and cure remains rare. This led patients and many health care managers to shift attention to the holistic approach of traditional medicine particularly preparations from herbal products to manage and alleviate the disease.Typically, herbal preparations contain single or multiple plant ingredients, including a number of potential active components. Yet, they remain classified as food supplements and thus are exempt from regulations on quality control and proof of efficacy that govern standard pharmaceuticals. Clinical evidence for many preparations is often based on non-documented or anecdotal evidence. In consequence, several preparations with unproven efficacy are circulating in the market with the fear of interference with standard cancer therapies and/or severe toxicity that some can generate, in addition to the unjustified economical burden to patients. Despite inconsistent and conflicting clinical results single molecules have been isolated from herbal preparations and many are exploited to develop potential novel agents.This has fostered the need to organize a set of timely, in-depth and up-to-date review covering the latest developments in alternative cancer management from a scientific and clinical perspective dedicated to the medical community and health care providers, as well as to patients and their families. This book brings the latest comprehensive cancer information and practical recommendations on the best documented practice of alternative therapies for cancer management put together by recognized experts in the fields of medical oncology, traditional medicine, and cancer pharmacology. It goes hand-in-hand with the patient's medical treatment options, quality of life issues, and more. The book is organized into four major sections: The first is an overview of the cancer syndrome by renowned medical oncologists from the USA and Europe. The second is a comprehensive description of traditional medicine by renowned experts from China and Germany. The third is an overview on the pharmacological impact of herb-based formulations on standard chemotherapy agents used in clinical practice. The fourth is a survey of cases reports from several hospitals with approved practice of alternative medicine.The book will feature simple definitions and essential information grouped in both medical and lay-term terminology, and straightforward illustrations related to human physiology, disease definition, scientific data on know and potential mechanisms of action, and preventive approaches.Finally, the book will feature collaboration of experts from China, India, USA, Canada, Germany, France, and other centres with recognized expertise in alternative/traditional medicine. This international cooperation is crucial to cover the complex topic of alternative therapies for cancer.
Nutritionally, the papaya is very important in developing countries, as it fruits year-round and is rich in vitamin C. Papaya is also an excellent source of betacarotene, which the body converts to vitamin A. One fruit will give you twice your requirement of vitamin C and almost a third of vitamin A, so papayas boost immunity and are good for the skin and mucus membranes.Their most important constituent is an an endolytic plant cystein protease enzyme known as papain, which improves digestion. This natural chemical is extracted from raw papaya and dried to a powder and it is introduced to India in 1990s.It has a wide uses, particularly in food processing industries for tenderising meat, as clarifying agent, digestive enzyme for dietary supplements, chewing gums and as a whitening agent in tooth paste. Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is the major exporter along with Australia, India and Sri Lanka. Major importing countries are Japan, Europe and the USA.
New dimension was given to the demand of dietary supplements and we consider very useful the overview on current statistics and trends suggestively illustrated here, as well as the scientific evidence which support the health reasons for using phytopharmaceuticals since their health claims are still a debatable issue. In our opinion, manufacturers of herbal supplements, as key-actors involved in developing a safe and modern phytotherapy besides pharmacists, physicians and consumers, should be informed on topics like plant bioactive compounds, market research, and world health statistics in order to meet the health needs of an ageing population. Because Romania is considered the most attractive market in the next years in the Central Europe Region, we have used this opportunity to make publicly available our national dietary supplement market assessment completed with an original case study analysis. Through this work we have also capitalized our professional experience in public health and in experimental research, closely linked to finding practical solutions to promote health by means accessible to a multidisciplinary team of specialists.
In order to protect the consumer against exaggerated or misleading health claims on foods and food supplements, to enable the consumer to make informed buying decisions, and to harmonise national regulations to facilitate the free flow of food products in the European Community, a regulatory framework has been created which requires that all health claims in the EU must be evaluated by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and authorised by the European Commission. In this master's thesis, the regulatory framework and procedures for health claims in both the EU and the USA are compiled, described and compared. The required body of scientific evidence for successful application for authorisation of health claims is discussed regarding regulatory requirements, design of clinical trials, and appropriate study populations. It is fathomed why claims are approved or rejected in Europe based on previous Scientific Opinions of the EFSA. Finally, the accessibility and possible benefits of health claims for food (supplement) vendors, especially small and medium-sized enterprises, are examined. The relevance of the approved health claims for public health is also shortly discussed.
Ginkgo biloba, has been used in China and its native countries as nutritional supplements or "neutraceuticals and medicinal purposes for over 5000 years. It was introduced in Europe and America only since the 1980 as a part of herbal repertoire. Ginkgo biloba leaf extract, is now one of the most researched herb. The annual sales of Ginkgo products have been reported to amount to several hundred million euros. Clinically the extracts of Ginkgo biloba are used in the treatment of vascular and avascular dementia including Alzheimer's disease, cerebrovascular diseases like stroke, peripheral vascular diseases like intermittent claudication, migraine, erectile dysfunction, diabetic neuropathy cognitive enhancer, autism, multiple sclerosis, tinnitus, altitude sickness vertigo, adjunct to chemotherapy and antidepressant induced sexual dysfunctions. There are evidences that Ginkgolide B, an active component of Ginkgo biloba extracts have cytotoxic effects on embryonic stem cells and blastocyst. It can either stimulate or inhibit apoptotic signaling that reduces cell numbers, slows the development of postimplantation blastocyst, increases blastocyst death and fetal loss.
This study is about the macroeconomic effects of positive externalities or industrial spillovers around advanced production. The case explored is the "technology di- dend" around Swedish aircraft industry, and in particular around the aircraft ma- facturer Saab, and the major industrial project of the JAS 39 Gripen multirole combat aircraft. The project is partly an updating of my book (in Swedish) Technology 1 Generator or a National Presige Project from 1995, but extends the analysis in s- eral directions. The study includes a chapter on spillovers from advanced production in an industrially developing economy, South Africa, that has acquired the JAS 39 Gripen for its Air Force. There is also a chapter in which the results for Sweden are discussed in the wider context of advanced public procurement in Europe. The text has been organized such that the main chapters have been written for academic readers. Two supplements include the technical details of data collection, mathematical models, and calculation methods. The first chapter is brief and focused on the results. It has the character of an extended executive summary. The second chapter summarizes the entire story, problems, results, and methods. This project would not have been possible without the generous support of a number of people. First of all great thanks go to all those people with crowded calendars in Swedish industrial firms that have set aside time to respond to my questions. Most of them have been listed at the end of the book.
Medieval cuisine includes the foods, eating habits, and cooking methods of various European cultures during the Middle Ages, a period roughly dating from the 5th to the 16th century. During this period, diets and cooking changed less across Europe, then they did in the briefer early modern period that followed, when those changes helped lay the foundations for modern European cuisine. Cereals remained the most important staples during the early Middle Ages, as rice was a late introduction to Europe and the potato was unknown. Barley and rye among the poor, wheat among the governing classes, were eaten as bread, porridge, gruel and pasta by virtually all members of society. and vegetables were important supplements to the cereal-based diet of the lower orders.
High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Proanthocyanidin (PA or PAC), also known as procyanidin, oligomeric proanthocyanidin (OPC), leukocyanidin, leucoanthocyanin and condensed tannins, is a class of flavanols. Proanthocyanidins are essentially polymer chains of flavonoids such as catechins. One was discovered in 1936 by Professor Jacques Masquelier and called Vitamin P, although this name did not gain official category status and has since fallen out of usage. It was Masquelier who first developed techniques for the extraction of proanthocyanidins from certain plant species. Proanthocyanidins have been sold as nutritional and therapeutic supplements in Europe since the 1980s, but their introduction to the United States market has been relatively recent.
High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Young Living Essential Oils is a US-based multi-level marketing company that sells more than 400 products, including therapeutic-grade essential oils and essential oil-infused nutritional supplements. Young Living claims to have more than 130,000 active independent distributors worldwide. It has offices in Australia, Europe, and Japan, and reportedly ships product to 98 different countries. Young Living owns four farms in Mona, Utah, US, St. Maries, Idaho, US, Simiane-la-Rotonde, France, and in Guayaquil, Ecuador, with total acreage of more than 6500 acres. Young Living directly grows and distills many of the essential oils it sells.